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Arena BSB competition

competition in Brasília, DF
project: PPA Arquitetura + Studio Papaya
images: Studio Papaya
year: 2019

The requalification of the BSB Arena Sports and Leisure Complex, in the North Sports Recreation Sector (SRPN) in Brasilia, is necessary as an action of citizenship and preservation of the invaluable modernist heritage, due to its privileged location on the Monumental Axis and the expansion of offering of sporting and cultural activities in the SRPN, which is for public use, unfortunately poorly managed, but with a significant role in the training of great athletes and with sporting equipment of architectural quality.

That is why it is so present in the life of the city and in the importance of requalifying its urban fabric, that according to the humanist vision of Lucio Costa, in Brasília Revisitada, the complex plays a prominent role in the spirit of preserving the original appearance of Brasília as a garden city. The BSB Arena Sports and Leisure Complex is spread over two volumes that emphasize the north, the bucolic scale to be implemented, and the North-South axis, with the design of Praça das Águas, which provides the transition from the monumental scale already installed to the vision of a more welcoming Brasília.

The square dialogues on different scales with the surrounding context and the deliberate non-election of privileged access is the response found to situations of transparency and permeability of urban fronts desirable in inclusive and democratic cities. The very formal definition and articulation of large spaces, internal and external, in an intense and privileged relationship with both the magnificent stadiums and the city is yet another explicit reference to its technical and artistic avant-garde construction, and the deep knowledge and respect for the territory. In Brasília, the void is a qualifier and constituent of the value attributed to the listed property, thus the proposal builds a historical and casual link with contemporary needs and the incompleteness of the SRPN and its surroundings.

The architectural proposal for the sports, leisure, entertainment and cultural complex for Arena BSB houses the extensive program in two marquee buildings. To the west of Praça das Águas the sports equipment and to the east the rest of the program, with an emphasis on the large “alleys” or squares where urban life can flow in all its entertainment and cultural offerings. The architecture is built by an extensive marquee that houses the program and provides different forms of participation with the surroundings, whether through visual transparency, or in spaces as a game of scales in dialogue with the city, or through terraced roofs, public and landscaped, avoiding points of rupture in the visual continuity of the urban fabric, providing and valuing the route and experience throughout the complex, permeable and connected to the city. The spaces that accommodate and distribute the program appear as additions built according to the needs of the enterprise, which, interacting through openings, mediate the scale of the contemplative gesture with the exterior and create an unexpected interior of an architecture associated with everyday life.

The implementation goes beyond the limits of the area by appropriating the characteristics of the surrounding urban fabric and highlighting the importance of the Mané Garrincha Stadium. The impact of the boulevard is not restricted only to areas A and B imposed in the zoning, and, for this reason, and also due to the special attention to the environmental dimension of the built solutions, it is proposed to arrange the exteriors of the entire area with the use of passive solutions based on landscaping that include the environmental aspect (permeable floors, bio-swales, rain gardens, green roofs with techgarden and containment lakes), the social aspect (cycle paths, walking tracks, access to public transport, character of park to open spaces) and also the cultural aspect proposing the “ramblas” of the cerrado and the open-air football museum, with as its central point the tribute to Mané Garrincha and the architecture of his “temple”.

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